Khitan in Egypt: From Penal Code to Judicial Practice

In December 2016, the Suez Criminal Court sentenced a doctor who performed [what is commonly referred to as] female circumcision (khitan) [or female genital mutilation], that led to a girl&r...Read More >>

Public Hearings for the Victims of Torture: The Presence of the Absent Torturer

Tunisia’s Truth and Dignity Commission dedicated its first public hearings to the victims of grave human rights violations. Those accused of involvement in these violations were absent...Read More >>

Remembering Torture in Tunisia: The Path of Transitional Justice Includes Financial Corruption

Towards the end of 2016, the Truth and Dignity Commission (TDC) held four public hearings for victims of grave human rights violations committed during the period under examination. The hear...Read More >>

Public Will and the Success of Agricultural Cooperatives: Tunisia’s Jemna Oasis

Jemna Oasis and its village are located in Tunisia’s southwest. The farm and the village are both classified as state land. The state acquired the property –which comprises aroun...Read More >>

​​​​​​​Bill Curbing Civil Society in Egypt: A Legal Appraisal

On November 30, 2016, the Egyptian parliament suddenly approved a secretly-drafted bill regulating the work of civic associations, with no public discussion at a time when Egypt is experienc...Read More >>

Egypt’s Supreme Court: Interior Ministry Restrictions on Protest Unconstitutional

On Saturday, December 3, 2016, Egypt’s Supreme Constitutional Court ruled that the first paragraph of Article 10 of Legal Decree No. 107 of 2013 –the law regulating the Right to ...Read More >>

Denying Syrian Refugees Status: Helping or Harming Lebanon?

At the beginning of 2015, the General Directorate of General Security (“General Security”) modified the conditions of residence for Syrians pursuant to the policy -adopted by the...Read More >>

Transitional Justice Chaos in Libya: The Controversial Case of Saif al–Islam Gaddafi

Any observer of the legislative affairs in the transitional phase in Libya can clearly notice a state of apparent confusion and randomness in the enactment of laws. Many laws are issued with...Read More >>

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